Title: Understanding Forex – #1 – What is Forex?

Word Count:
1066

Summary:
This is a series of articles about The Foreign Exchange Market. You will learn here what Forex is , how it works and how profitable it can be. The whole series contain the following articles . . .

Keywords:
forex, forex market, forex strategies

Article Body:
This is a series of articles about The Foreign Exchange Market. You will learn here what Forex is , how it works and how profitable it can be. The whole series contain the following articles . . .

1. What is Forex

2. Technical analysis

3. Fundamental analysis

4. Money management

5. Compound interest

What is Forex?

The word Forex is an acronym for The Forex Exchange Market. This is the most liquid market on the world where you can trade or exchange one currency for another. For example, if you think that the Euro will appreciate in value and you have US dollars, you can trade the dollars for the Euros. If you are right and the Euro appreciates in value in relationship with the dollars, then you can close the position realizing a profit.

That’s the basic idea behind the Spot Forex Market. This is an interbank system which means that it is not centralized. There is no central exchange where currencies are traded. It is a global market. You can trade Forex online 24 hours per day, 6 days per week.

This market emerged at the beginning of the 70’s decade. The reason was that currencies where not backed up by gold anymore. They began floating freely. Their value depended on forces of supply and demand due to economic factors, speculation, etc. This originated the Forex Market.

You can trade Forex on the Internet as I said above. There are many brokers like www.oanda.com that allow you to open an account with just $300 to $500 and start trading online. You can also get a demo account first and trade with play money just to “test the waters” and see if you like this market or not.

Demo accounts are free with most brokers. Some brokers offer demo accounts which expire within 30 days while others never expire. It is important to trade on paper, because you can test your strategies and see if they work or not.

Trading Forex is risky, but it can be very profitable too. You can trade at anywhere from 20: 1 to 400: 1 leverage. This means that the broker will lend you more money than you have on the account to trade.

For example, let’s say that a broker allows you to trade at 100: 1 leverage. If you use all the leverage, for every dollar that you have on the account you can trade 100. Let’s say that you have $1,000. With $1,000 at 100: 1 you can trade $100,000 worth of dollars in exchange for other currencies. You multiply your trading potential a lot. This allows you to realize bigger profits, but you also incur in bigger risks.

Let me show you an example. Let’s say that you have 100: 1 leverage on the account and you trade at full leverage with $1,000. The EUR/USD pair (Euro/US Dollar) is trading at 1.2500. So, you enter a position on this pair.

Let’s say that you are long. If the market moves in your favor by just one cent (1.2600), you will double your money and end up with $2,000 on the account. If the market moves against you by just one cent (1.2400), you will lose all the money that you have on the account or most of it depending on the broker you are trading with.

This can happens really quick. The market can move this much in a matter of minutes or hours. This is what makes Forex very profitable, but also very volatile. I don’t know if novice traders can understand the magnitude of what I am saying here. Many people get into Forex trading only seeing half of the truth. They get pulled into this market by all the hype flying around it.

I do believe that no other market in the world offer the opportunity to make money like this market does. On the other hand, there are some risks involved. It is important for new traders to trade on paper first before compromising real capital. We learn doing. I didn’t learn many basic concepts about this market until I started trading with a demo account.

Now, let me explain other important facts. The Spot Forex Market is traded in currency pairs. Whenever you enter a position you trade one currency for another. For example if you buy EUR/USD you are buying Euros and selling US Dollars. If you sell EUR/USD you are selling Euros and buying US Dollars.

When you enter a position, you can not trade other currency pairs unless you have additional funds on your account, but you can trade several currency pairs at the same time as long as you have enough margin/funds to trade. If you have never traded Forex before, you can see how all this works when you practice with a demo account.

Another thing that you would like to know is that Forex is traded in pips. Your profit on every trade depends on many aspects. One of those aspects are pips. Another one is how much leverage you are using per trade. A pip is the minimum unit that the price of a currency pair can move.

For example, in the case of the EUR/USD a pip is equal to 0.0001. If the price is at 1.2500 and it moves to 1.2501, it moved one pip. If it moves from 1.2500 to 1.2600 it moves 100 pips, like in the example above.

Now, how much you make on every trade depends on how many pips you make and how much money you invested on that trade. Also, what is the leverage for that account. If you trade at full leverage with a 100: 1 leverage account and you trade $1,000, if the market moves 50 pips in your favor, then you will make $500. This can happen within just a few minutes after you enter your order.

Most experienced traders wouldn’t recommend you to trade this way though. The reason is that if the market moves against you, then you could lose everything within minutes. It is better to have lower profit goals for every single trade and compound your profits over time.

Money management principles stay that it is better to never risk more than 1% – 3% of your capital, specially if you are an inexperienced trader. This is something that I will explain more under other article of this series.

Well, I hope this information have been helpful to you. This was an introduction to the Forex Market. You can read more about Forex on my other articles.

EasyWebRiches © 2006

Title: The Effect Of Politcal And Social Factors On Shares And The Forex

Word Count:
531

Summary:
Political and social developments, you will find, can have an immediate or eventual effect on stock and currency prices as readily as economic factors.

When the Suez Canal was closed, stocks of companies obtaining appreciable amounts of oil from the Middle East reacted adversely, while domestic oils advanced, anticipating a greater demand on their production.

Washington, in all its ramifications, can alter the course of the market. The President, the Congress, the Supre…

Keywords:
forex,forex software,forex trading software,forex tips,forex broker,forex pips,investing,shares

Article Body:
Political and social developments, you will find, can have an immediate or eventual effect on stock and currency prices as readily as economic factors.

When the Suez Canal was closed, stocks of companies obtaining appreciable amounts of oil from the Middle East reacted adversely, while domestic oils advanced, anticipating a greater demand on their production.

Washington, in all its ramifications, can alter the course of the market. The President, the Congress, the Supreme Court, and all the attendant Government agencies, bureaus, and committees can take action influencing the prospects for companies or industries.

Projections of the President’s Council of Economic Ad¬visors are important. Congressional action on the corporate tax structure, on the extent and direction of military spending, or on labor legislation can have far-reaching effect on business. So can a Supreme Court ruling or an opinion of the Justice Department.

The Bureau of Internal Revenue’s corporate or personal tax rulings, the Commodity Credit Corporation’s policies on commodity prices and lending, the Commerce Department’s business forecasts, the Farm Credit administration’s schedule of prices for agricultural products, the Interstate Commerce Commission’s rulings on railroad freight rates the list of actions and possible reactions is virtually endless.

The power of state utility commissions to regulate rates, the wages-and-hours demands of labor unions, and such revolutionary admistrative decisions as that of New York state, some years back, for the first time permitting certain trusts to invest funds in common stocks have direct impact on the financial and investment world.

Read widely and read regularly. Among other things, most financial information is carried in the form of charts, indexes, and averages that won’t make much sense until you have enough background to compare them with last month, the previous quarter, or a year ago.

Don’t expect to have hot tips or inside information re¬vealed to you. Most of the available market material is in the public domain, and the professionals have seen and di¬gested it before you. In any event, you are not yet ready to outwit the experts.

You are interested in getting into the habit of informing yourself and of staying alert to changes and trends. It will take a powerful lot of reading to decide whether Gulf is a better oil company than Standard of California, or whether General Mills grind finer than Pillsbury.

But if you want to know what new products or what new ventures a corporation is undertaking, or how one segment of industry is going compared with another, or what some analyst thinks of a certain stock, your reading will tell you.

In time, you will become selective. You will want to stay abreast of general business and market news, but, unless you are dealing in commodities, you will not pay much attention to the grain markets or coffee, sugar and onion futures. And you will probably not memorize freight-car loadings except insofar as you want an indication of how the railroads are getting along.

The internet can also help you with research and it is amazing how quickly information is received by everyone nowadays.

To protect yourself if you are trading on Forex, download some Forex software that can help you predict currency prices

Title: The Secrets Of A Successful Stock Or Forex Investment Club

Word Count:
963

Summary:
If the investment club strikes you as an ideal answer to your needs and requirements, there here are some points to consider.

Do not attempt to form a club until you have investigated its status under Federal, state, and local laws. The Association of Stock Exchange Firms is attempting to win passage for a model statute that will simplify and clarify the status of investment clubs and in some states is has already been enacted.

In most states, however, a variety of laws…

Keywords:
forex,forex software,forex trading software,forex tips,forex broker,forex pips,investing,shares

Article Body:
If the investment club strikes you as an ideal answer to your needs and requirements, there here are some points to consider.

Do not attempt to form a club until you have investigated its status under Federal, state, and local laws. The Association of Stock Exchange Firms is attempting to win passage for a model statute that will simplify and clarify the status of investment clubs and in some states is has already been enacted.

In most states, however, a variety of laws govern the formation and operation of a club and its status as a partnership, corporation, joint venture, or whatever. The difficulties are rarely insurmountable, but complications can be avoided if your club will check with an attorney before becoming involved financially.

Along the same lines, your club can avoid awkward misunderstandings if the ground rules are clearly established from the start. Provisions should be made for the death or departure of a member. Each investor should be able to withdraw his share of the club’s assets at any time.

The position of newcomers or replacements for members who have dropped out or moved away should be defined. Does the new member participate on an equal basis in the accumulated assets of the club upon payment of his first $10? Or should he be expected to match the total investment of his predecessor?

Run your meetings briskly. Expect to give the business at hand your full and earnest attention for two hours; investment is too serious to be brushed over in less. On the other hand, be organized. Don’t let meetings drag on or founder in confusion. Members will start resigning out of boredom.

Insist that your investigation committees do their homework. And that they stay on the point. These are elements of good reporting in any field, and are not hard to learn. Clarity and precision will not only make reports more interesting, but help you to make your decisions confidently.

Absenteeism plagues almost every organization, and you will have to find your own way to lick it. As noted, the proxy at least assures a vote by the whole membership, but it has its disadvantages. The Williston club has instituted an automatic $5 fine for missing a meeting, regardless of the excuse. Some clubs interpret a certain number of absences as evidence of disinterest and as grounds for dismissal.

As for the club’s performance as an investment group, it will, at first, leave something to be desired. There is something heady about the manipulation of money and the challenge of out-guessing the market. You will find, as you start out, that it is easy to be overly enthusiastic about one stock or another, or, because your fund is relatively small, to concentrate on low-priced issues. The enthusiasm may be warranted, and your low-priced issue may be solid, but try not to let judgment be colored by passion, and never choose price over quality.

Make your committee reports as realistic as possible. In the first flush of enthusiasm, it is possible to be swayed by the mass of beautifully printed material available about this company or that. Set up your standards in advance: know what you are looking for in terms of price and dividend trend, in terms of products, in terms of capital structure and management.

Note: Changes in corporate management are not automatically good. Very often a new slate of officers, or some retirements, will bring in fresh blood, but there is no way of knowing immediately whether the new men are as capable as the ones they replaced.

There is nothing wrong with over-the-counter stocks as such. But many clubs have found that the fluidity of the market on the big exchanges, and the certainty of daily reporting of stock prices, makes investment in Big Board issues considerably more satisfactory.

It is easy to decide that you’ve got a natural bent for investment if your first purchase begins behaving nicely. Don’t be fooled. A great many stocks have been behaving nicely for some years now. In many ways it’s difficult to pick one that doesn’t. Enjoy your success, but keep studying and keep learning.

Fight the tendency to make too many switches in your portfolio, particularly in the early stages. Remember that the commissions on getting in and out are going to eat into your gains. Furthermore, impatience is likely to boost you out of a stock before it has a chance to show its worth. Remember, too, that from the tax angle, you’ll be paying on gains as straight income unless you’ve held the stocks for six months or more.

Finally, stay friendly. Money can get people quite excited. Money can come between friends. You’ll have a better chance of success if your members are friendly on grounds other than investment, if everyone understands clearly that there are hazards as well as profits, and if everyone does his best to become knowledgeable in the field as soon as is reasonably possible.

It is the mistakes of ignorance that cause trouble. Many clubs have had some hot times because a member couldn’t understand why the group sold short of the top or why, with the good old Northern & Southern Railway running right through town, everyone insisted on buying Gulf Oil.

Stay in close touch with your broker. He can help spell out some of the fundamental ABC’s until you can paddle on your own. He also should have, or be able to get, information bearing on the problems and experience of other investment clubs, which can aid you in steering around pitfalls..

Otherwise, every piece of information and advice in this article applies as rigorously to investment clubs as to investing individuals.

Use good investment and Forex software to help you research how particular shares and currencies have performed.

Title: Forex Learning To Read Charts And Make Your Profits Explode

Word Count:
590

Summary:
The first step in technical analysis is to learn to read the charts. Here are a few basic lessons to guide your early attempts.

When first analyzing a currency pair, look for the prevailing trend. Start with the long-term charts (monthly, weekly, and daily), going back for several years. Because these charts contain a greater amount of data, they provide a clearer picture of just what the currency pair is doing than the short-term charts (hour, half-hour, 15-minutes, or 5-…

Keywords:
forex,forex software,forex trading software,forex tips,forex broker,forex pips,

Article Body:
The first step in technical analysis is to learn to read the charts. Here are a few basic lessons to guide your early attempts.

When first analyzing a currency pair, look for the prevailing trend. Start with the long-term charts (monthly, weekly, and daily), going back for several years. Because these charts contain a greater amount of data, they provide a clearer picture of just what the currency pair is doing than the short-term charts (hour, half-hour, 15-minutes, or 5-minutes). The extra data also makes what the indicators are telling you more reliable.

Identifying the trend is simple: just look at the chart and decide if the graph is going more up than down, or more down than up. Trends can be steep or shallow, years long or weeks short. Practice identifying them, and finding the points where they change direction. The longest-term trend is the strongest, which is another reason for looking at those charts first.

Even if you’re scalping or day trading and don’t intend to hold a position longer than an hour, you’ll do better by trading in the same direction as the prevailing trend. So take the time to identify it on at least the daily charts before you begin. There’s an old trader’s saying: “The trend is your friend.” It’s not a lie.

Once you’ve identified the trend in the long-term charts, compare that with what you see in the short-term charts. You’ll find that there can be any number of intermediate-term and short-term trends within the path set by the prevailing trend. The graph will waver up and down but overall it will follow the path set by the longest-term trend.

Next, find the support and resistance levels, which are the “floor” and “ceiling” points on the graph, respectively. These are key points on the chart where the price repeatedly refuses to break through, or just peeks through then gives up the fight. The price will go just so high or so low, but no further; it reaches that point then changes direction. The more times that happens, the stronger the support and resistance are.

Draw a straight line, either in your mind or on the chart, passing through most of the support points. Then draw another passing through most of the resistance points. This gives you a picture of the path the currency pair’s trend is following, called a price channel, and it’s a simple but powerful tool to help determine how that path will continue.

When support and resistance are strong, the graph of the currency pair seems to bounce along sideways between those two lines like a pinball. When this happens, the currency pair is said to be range-bound. As this happens 80% of the time, many people simply trade within channels, although this technique doesn’t deliver any jackpot profits.

These lines don’t have to be level. Sometimes the currency pair is trending up or down, but still moving within that channel. However it’s slanted, you can still trade within that range.

When a currency pair breaks out of a price channel, sometimes it falls back into the channel, and sometimes it gains momentum and keeps moving. This last is called a momentum market, and it’s the other way to trade the range: set an entry order for the price to break out, either above or below the channel, then sit back and let it ride.

Congratulations—you now understand the most important elements of basic technical analysis!

Title: Forex : How To Handle A String Of Investment Losses

Word Count:
912

Summary:
Everybody hates to lose and unfortunately no one is blessed with the ability of foresight, therefore losses are an unavoidable part of trading. When we enter a trade we will either be right, or wrong, and even if we broke-even we’d still be classed as being wrong – as nobody enters into a trade just to break-even! When unsuccessful traders encounter a string of losses they begin to engage in self-destructive patterns that help them escape the pain they are experiencing.

Hopefully this article has made you ponder over some of your behaviors during drawdown periods, be sure to keep an eye on yourself and as always take care of your body, because there’s no use in making all the money in the world when you don’t have the physical capacity to enjoy it

Keywords:
forex , invest , investment , profit , loss , securities , interest , cash , money , wealth

Article Body:
Everybody hates to lose and unfortunately no one is blessed with the ability of foresight, therefore losses are an unavoidable part of trading. When we enter a trade we will either be right, or wrong, and even if we broke-even we’d still be classed as being wrong – as nobody enters into a trade just to break-even! When unsuccessful traders encounter a string of losses they begin to engage in self-destructive patterns that help them escape the pain they are experiencing.

Bring to light these self-destructive actions that can help you realize what you are doing before it takes hold of your physical health. If you find yourself already engaged in these patterns hopefully this article can help you to get you back on track as quickly as possible.

What are the destructive patterns?

If you find yourself caught in a string of losses or a bad performing week/month be sure to monitor your behavior. It is during this time that you will be at your most vulnerable. You will begin to indulge in activities that at first seem harmless, but upon excessive use (or in time), begin to cause physical damage to your health.

Ask yourself the following question: during drawdown periods do I find myself over-indulging in these activities:

Food (especially junk food – e.g. chocolate, ice-cream, chips)?

Sex (includes viewing pornography)?

Alcohol?

Drugs (includes excessive smoking)?

Laziness (find it difficult to wake up in the morning)?

Entertainment?

All of the above taken in excessive doses can be detrimental to your own physical health (some even in small doses!).

These activities above during your losing period are only covering up the pain of confronting the true issue, and your body tries to rid the emotional pain by trying to “fix” it with physical pleasures. Unfortunately it is going about it in the wrong way, so what should you do?

Firstly… REALIZE WHAT YOU ARE DOING AND STOP IT!

You need to realize what you’re doing and you need to STOP doing it immediately! You can either decide to stop, or you’ll be forced to stop when your body eventually breaks down and prevents you from any form of movement. It will be much more beneficial to you in the long-term if you can decide to stop *NOW*.

Once you have stopped you now need to figure out a way to solve the pain – not by cutting out or neglecting it, but by staring it in the face. Bring your problems out into the light, be honest with yourself. There can be no growth without pain; you are experiencing the emotional pain, now it is time to find the error and therefore your growth.

Begin Your Review

The review process begins in two separate areas: You & Your System. Here are some checklists for you to go through to find out where the problem could lie:

“YOUR SYSTEM” CHECKLIST

Was your system thoroughly tested prior to trading it (or paper traded if you do not have the capacity to program your system into back testing software)?

Did you test with out-of-sample data?

Do you even have a system???? If you do not, how do you even know if the method that you are trading is even profitable??

Is your system’s code correct?

Did you over-optimize your system? (What have we discussed about over-indulging?)

Did you paper trade your system prior to placing capital on it?

Did you trade with a small amount of capital prior to placing the rest of your funds on it?

Do you know the system’s limitations?

Did you properly drill your system? (See our blog article on why I am the system designer from hell)

“YOU” CHECKLIST

Is the current drawdown you are exhibiting with your system normal?

Are you comfortable with your system’s historical drawdown performance?

Are you fully aware of the risks involved with your system and the instrument(s) you are trading?

Are you trading with funds that you are comfortable risking?

Are you relying too heavily on your performance?

Have you set realistic goals?

As you can see there are generally two areas that you need to explore: the mechanical aspect – your system – and the emotional aspect – you. Both can be responsible for making the way you feel the way you do. It will either be an error on the system’s side with how the system was tested and/or programmed, or it can be your own psychological profile not being comfortable with the system’s performance.

Your Answers = Change = Your Growth

What steps should we now take? Now that we have begun a corrective process where we have stopped the evil nature of our over-indulging ways to take control we should continue our “corrective nature” by invoking our findings and taking ACTION in correcting our errors.

If the problem was mechanical – fix it, if the problem was emotional either go about setting up new thought patterns, or change your current system. The answers lie in whether you need to expand your knowledge in system development, or whether you need to grow emotionally as a person.

Unfortunately there is no easy road, and even if there was everybody would be doing it. Hopefully this article has made you ponder over some of your behaviors during drawdown periods, be sure to keep an eye on yourself and as always take care of your body, because there’s no use in making all the money in the world when you don’t have the physical capacity to enjoy it

Title: Why Are Currencies And Forex So Popular?

Word Count:
583

Summary:
It is called a pip and its value is the equivalent of 0.0001 of a dollar, in most currency pairs, and it is the smallest increment on the Forex market. A pip in the Japanese Yen is 0.01. Now you might find yourself wondering what the Forex market actually is and why anyone would possibly think chasing pips was ever going to be a profitable endeavor. However, with almost $2 trillion dollars being exchanged on the Forex each and every day it is open (from Sunday through Frida…

Keywords:
forex, forex trading, forex market, stock trading, forex chart, forex options, forex rates

Article Body:
It is called a pip and its value is the equivalent of 0.0001 of a dollar, in most currency pairs, and it is the smallest increment on the Forex market. A pip in the Japanese Yen is 0.01. Now you might find yourself wondering what the Forex market actually is and why anyone would possibly think chasing pips was ever going to be a profitable endeavor. However, with almost $2 trillion dollars being exchanged on the Forex each and every day it is open (from Sunday through Friday, the market trades 24 hours a day), those pips can quickly add up to big profits—or big losses—really quick. This makes it one of the most exciting, volatile, and engaging markets in the investment world.

So what exactly is the Forex anyway? Well, the Forex is just a big market where corporations, nations, and investors can exchange money. For instance, if an American corporation wanted to fund their payroll account for an office in Paris, they would need to convert U.S. dollars into Euros. However, one U.S. dollar does not equal a Euro.

To convert the money, the business would need to buy Euros with dollars on the Forex. The USD/EUR currency pair is what the company would need to buy in order to raise the money for payroll. A typical transaction on the Forex is called a lot and is $100,000 and the USD is behind 90% of all trades on this volatile market. So, if the currency pair was valued at 1.2500USD, that means that the business would receive 80,000 Euros for every $100,000 lot of the USD/EUR currency pair at that exchange rate.

Now remember those pips? Although a pip is a very small number, the sheer size of the lot means that a 1 pip movement equals $10 ($100,000 X .0001). Thus, an investor can get in and out of a position very quickly if the price fluctuates by only a few pips and still make a profit (Forex scalping). It is very possible for a Forex trader to double their investment in a very short period of time—but they can lose it just as easily!

Until recently, retail Forex investors did not exist. Because of the size of the transactions, traders on the Forex used to be limited to large investment firms, central banks, etc. Now, however, a Forex investor can typically secure a position for as little as $1,000 (or 1/100th of the total transaction amount). However, because there are always interest charges associated with any leveraged position, that means that an investor can quickly lose their capital if things swing the wrong way.

Of course, no one has a crystal ball and can predict the future but Forex traders use a number of strategies to help them determine when to exit and enter positions. While profit potential is unlimited, stops are typically placed on orders to prevent unacceptable losses. No matter what investment strategy you choose to use when trading on the Forex—it is very wise to place stops on every order because the volatility of the market can sap a highly leveraged account very quickly.

Trading currencies on the Forex is so popular because the action is non-stop and the opportunity for profit is unlimited. However, because of the margins and volatility of the market itself, the Forex can make or break an investor quickly. New investors are highly encouraged to start out with mock accounts or even mini-lots ($10,000) in order to learn the market better before jumping in with both feet.

Title: Hedging – What Is It, And It’s Uses In Risk Management

Word Count:
997

Summary:
Hedging, understanding the benefits for a risk management solution

Keywords:
genuineCTA.com, CTA, hedge, fund, market, risk, trader, trading, futures, commodity, advisor, broker, derivative, derivatives, investment, investing, analyst, hedging, exchange, currency, equity, Canada, Toronto, bonds, financial, online, options,

Article Body:
The second of a two part article….
Before I discuss the use of hedging to off-set risk, we need to understand the role and the purpose of hedging. The history of modern futures trading begins in Chicago in the early 1800’s. Chicago is located at the base of the Great Lakes, close to the farmlands and cattle country of the U.S. Midwest making it a natural center for transportation, distribution and trading of agricultural produce. Gluts and shortages of these products caused chaotic fluctuations in price. This led to the development of a market enabling grain merchants, processors, and agriculture companies to trade in contracts to insulate them from the risk of adverse price change and enable them to hedge.

The first commodity exchange was the creation of the Chicago Board of Trade, CBOT in 1848. Since then, modern derivative products have grown to include more than the agricultural industry. Products include Stock Indices, Interest Rates, Currency, Precious Metals, Oil and Gas, Steel and a host of others. The origins of the commodity and futures exchange was created to support hedging. The role of speculators is beneficial as they add trading volume and important volatility to what would otherwise be a small and illiquid market place.

A bona-fide hedger is someone with an actual product to buy or sell. The hedger establishes an off-setting position on the futures or commodity exchange, thereby instituting a set price for his product. Someone buying a hedge is known as being “Long” or “Taking Delivery”. Someone selling a hedge is known as being “Short” or “Making Delivery”. These positions known as “Contracts” are legally binding and enforced by the exchange.

Entering your trades either for speculation or hedging is done through your broker. Commodity Trading Advisor, Genuine Trading Solutions President Dwayne Strocen, states that “Commodity and Futures exchanges are distinct from Stock Exchanges, although they operate using the same principals. They are regulated by different agencies such as the Commodity Futures Trading Commission who are responsible for regulation of retail brokers in the USA as well as Commodity Trading Advisors such as us.”

Now let’s view some real life examples of hedging or mitigation of risk by using exchange traded derivatives.

Example 1: A mutual fund manager has a portfolio valued at $10 million closely resembling the S&P 500 index. The Portfolio Manager believes the economy is worsening with deteriorating corporate returns. The next two to three weeks are reports of quarterly corporate earnings. Until the report exposes which companies have poor earnings, he is concerned of the results from a short term general market correction. Without the privilege of foresight, he is unsure of the magnitude the earnings figures will produce. He now has an exposure to Market Risk.

The manager thinks of his options. The greatest risk is to do nothing, if the market falls as expected, he risks giving up all recent gains. If he sells his portfolio early, he also risks being wrong and missing further rally’s. Selling also incurs substantial brokerage fees with additional fees to buy back again later.

Then he realizes a hedge is the best option to mitigate his short term risk. He begins by calling his CTA (Commodity Trading Advisor) and after consultation places an order to sell short the equivalent of $10 million of the S&P 500 index on the Chicago Mercantile Exchange “CME”. Now his result is when the market falls as expected, he will off-set any losses in the portfolio with gains from the Index hedge. Should the earnings report be better than expected, and his portfolio continues upward, he will continue making profits.

Two weeks later the fund manager calls his CTA and closes the hedge by buying back the equivalent number of contracts on the CME. Regardless of the resulting market events, the mutual fund manager was protected during the period of short term volatility. There was no risk to the portfolio.

Example 2: An electronics firm ABC has recently signed an order to deliver $5 million in electronic components of next years model to an overseas retailer located in Europe. These components will be built in 6 months for delivery two months after that. ABC instantly realizes they are exposed to two risks. 1. the rising and volatile price of copper in 6 months may result in losses to the firm. 2. the fluctuation in the currency could easily add to those losses. ABC being a young firm cannot absorb these losses in view of the highly competitive market from others in the field. Losses from this order would result in lay-offs and possibly plant closures.

ABC telephones their CTA and after consultation places an order for two hedges, both for an expiry in 8 months, the date of delivery. Hedge #1 is to buy long $5 million of copper effectively locking in today’s price against further price increases. ABC has now eliminated all price risk. The risk of plant closures is greater than the lure of increased profit should copper price fall. After all, ABC is not in the business of speculating on copper prices.

Hedge #2 is to sell short the equivalent of Euro Currency vs US Dollars. Since ABC is effectively accepting EC in payment, a rising US dollar and a weak EC would be detrimental and erode profits further. The result of the hedge is no risk and no surprises to ABC in either copper or currency levels. A risk free transaction and full transparency is the result. In 8 months with the order completed and the customer accepting delivery, ABC notifies the CTA to close the hedge by selling the copper and buying back the Euro Currency contacts.

Many examples exist to demonstrate the mitigation of risk to an institution or financial portfolio. Dwayne Strocen states that new products are constantly created and available on both over-the counter and exchange traded markets. If would be wise to consult with a qualified Commodity Trading Advisor or broker to discuss the analysis for an on-going risk management solution or a one time only hedge.

Title: The Benefits of FX Trading

Word Count:
644

Summary:
Learn the benefits of FX Trading.

Keywords:
Forex, Currency trading, fx, profit, education, strategy, make money, mentor, learn to trade,

Article Body:
Many people are looking at getting into day trading, and start with studying the Stock Market, and the different stock exchanges. What many don’t realize is that there are different markets and financial instruments that one can profit from. One market that has recently become available to the public to trade is the Foreign Currency Exchange, the FOREX.

The foreign exchange market is the largest financial market in the world. It trades upwards of 2.5 trillion dollars per day, which is approximately 1000 times the volume of the New York Stock Exchange. Quite easily, the foreign exchange market dwarfs the stock market of any country.

So, where is the foreign currency market? Well, unlike the stock exchanges of the world. The foreign currency market is a virtual market that is connected by the internet, phones, and fax.

The advantage of having a worldwide currency market is that it is open 24 hours a day, 5 days a week. Living in the USA, one could trade 24 hours per day Sunday 5pm to Friday 4pm EST. One can only trade stocks during normal market hours, so for those that have jobs during the day, the FOREX market is much more accessible as trading can be done at night or early in the morning before going to work.

Other benefits of the foreign currency exchange include:

1. High Leverage: Currency brokers usually give their traders 100:1 leverage, meaning that if there is $1000.00 in ones account, they will let one control $100,000.00, which allows currency traders to reap large gains from relatively small price movements in the market.

2. High Liquidity: Because the currency market is the largest market in the world with huge daily volumes, one is always able to get in and out of trades as liquidity is never an issue.

3. Stops are always honored: Except in extremely volatile markets, which is rare, limits and stops are always honored. Because of the market’s liquidity and 24 hour continuous trading periods, dangerous trading gaps are eliminated altogether. Orders are executed very quickly, without slippage. In the stock market, it is much more frequent that stops get skipped over as stock prices plummet, but in the FOREX, one can be much more confident that the stops are honored.

4. Entry orders are instant: There is no lag time in placing an order. Orders are processed instantly at the current market price, or the price at which you set the order to enter the market in the future.

5. No Commissions: There are no commissions in currency trading, the broker just takes a small difference between the bid price and the ask price as its fee for the transaction.

As currency markets are some of the most volatile markets, many fundamental variables such as weather, and war affect the price of the currency, however, since there is no one apparent reason much of the time for price movement, the fundamentals get discounted and one can use an almost purely technical approach to trading. This is why the FOREX is considered one of the most predictable trending markets that follows technical analysis methods more than any other market.

As one can see, there are many great benefits to using the FOREX as a highly profitable financial instrument. One can trade from home in their spare time, but first it is important to get a solid education in learning specific FX trading methods. Before trading in a live account, it is important to first get educated using books, or online courses. There are many courses online selling for upwards of $3000.00, but it is not necessary to spend that kind of money to get a good education. Usually the expensive courses come with DVD’s and other expensive items that raise the price. Much of the time one can find a course for under $500 that teaches the exact same content for much less money.

Wishing You Success in Trading!

David Molina

Title: Investment Series: Why Rising Stocks Always Pullback?

Word Count:
502

Summary:
We’ve all been frustrated in the stock market before, haven’t we?

Did you remember the time when you identified a really good stock with really good news on its heels and rallying strong? However, just a couple of days after you buy shares of that company, it pulls back and you incurred a loss? Even worse when you used futures on that stock instead?

Didn’t it make you wonder why such strong stocks pull back so strongly? In fact, why does stock markets even pullback as a…

Keywords:
Stocks, shares, investment

Article Body:
We’ve all been frustrated in the stock market before, haven’t we?

Did you remember the time when you identified a really good stock with really good news on its heels and rallying strong? However, just a couple of days after you buy shares of that company, it pulls back and you incurred a loss? Even worse when you used futures on that stock instead?

Didn’t it make you wonder why such strong stocks pull back so strongly? In fact, why does stock markets even pullback as a whole?

There is an explanation to this and it is what we refer to in economics as the “Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility”. The Law of Diminishing Marginal Utility states that as consumption of something increases, the satisfaction (marginal utility) of having that something decreases as every unit of that same thing is given to that same person.

Too abstract? Well, it really means in layman terms that the more of something a person have, the least the satisfaction in that thing in question. Have you ever been to a buffet? Can you remember the satisfaction of that first taste of food after having prepared for this by starving for the day? However, can you remember how less satisfied you feel with every new plate of food until you can no longer derive any satisfaction from eating?

That’s the exact same thing happening in the stock market.

The satisfaction of a profit diminishes as more and more profit is made, to be replaced by the fear of losing the profits already made. It will come a point in time when the satisfaction of more profits becomes zero to be totally consumed by the fear of losing the profits that was already made. At that point onwards, investors start taking profit by selling and thus a pullback in price. That point seems unusually correlated amongst human beings and once the first sight of profit taking occurs, the rest succumbs to their fears too and sell off.

Did you remember the first time you made a profit in the stock market? Did you remember how it felt when the figures turned green in your trading account for the very first time? You were elated, weren’t you? You wanted more profits, didn’t you? However, did you remember how more and more uncertain you became as the profits grew higher and higher? Did you ask yourself if you should continue to hold on and bet for more profits or simply get out while the going is good? Did it come a point where your fear of losing that profit totally consumed any satisfaction derived from have more possible profits? What did you do then?

Well, we all know that now, don’t we?

So, the Law Of Diminishing Marginal Utility made certain that no stock nor market go up ceaselessly so nobody, but the most disciplined and patient investors could make a consistent profit. Are you that kind of disciplined and patient investor?

Title: Online Forex Currency Trading – How To Boost Confidence And Discipline

Word Count:
994

Summary:
The Challenge

Consistently profitable online currency trading requires both confidence and discipline to first achieve and then maintain a reasonable level of success. For virtually all traders, these two aspects of trading are responsible for their success or lack of it: having confidence as a trader, plus the discipline to stick to their orrex currency trading system.

Most traders that struggle with their discipline do so for a very simple reason and this is something…

Keywords:
currency online trading,day online trading,online forex currency trading

Article Body:
The Challenge

Consistently profitable online currency trading requires both confidence and discipline to first achieve and then maintain a reasonable level of success. For virtually all traders, these two aspects of trading are responsible for their success or lack of it: having confidence as a trader, plus the discipline to stick to their orrex currency trading system.

Most traders that struggle with their discipline do so for a very simple reason and this is something that can be very easily addressed and rather quickly.

Ask any frustrated or struggling trader what their biggest problem is and it will boil down to a lack of confidence and / or discipline in one form or another. Traders who have both are the ones the that are doing fine and enjoying their trading.

Even the veteran traders will tell you that the primary reason for any rough spells they have occasionally experienced were from when they had a lapse or breakdown in their confidence or their discipline, but once they got it back all was well.

So how do you go about building these two emotional pillars for successful currency online trading? Or regaining them if they’ve waned?

The 80/20 Solution

One of the fastest and most effective ways to give yourself that boost is to intentionally create a disruption in the UNsuccessful pattern that has been established. Now this applies whether you’ve known success and temporarily lost it or if you haven’t found it yet.

The most powerful way to disrupt the pattern is through stepping back and making an assessment of your current day online trading. Now, this doesn’t have to be a lengthy or monumental task. There are two parts to this process and it generally follows the 80/20 rule with which you’re already familiar.

Good news for you is that the first part is the 20% of your effort that will yield 80% of the results. Even better is the fact that you can do this within the next hour or two and see results that fast. Here’s what you do:

Step 1. Effort = 20%, Yield = 80%

Step 1, part 1 is to take your recent trading results and run your metrics on your current trading. So which metrics are going to give you confidence and discipline-building information?

• Your real winning percentage
• Your actual profit-to-loss ratio
• The true size of your average winner
• The true size of your average losing trades
• Your actual number of winning trades
• Your actual number of losing trades
• Your REAL ROI from your trading efforts in both time and $
• Your projected annual income from your trading – based on real numbers from your current trading

So how does this help with your confidence if the numbers don’t look so great? Especially if you haven’t yet experienced a level of success that you desire?

Well, very specifically these numbers give you a very clear reference point to work with regarding the factors in your trading that make the bottom line what it is. Rather than going on hope and wishful thinking, you now know the particular aspects of your trading on which to focus your efforts – a realize results. It brings a great deal of clarity to the exact direction for you to take.

Just this simple step alone with give you a substantial boost, and part 2 will really bring about a transformation.

Step 1 Part 2.

In this part, you simply backtest your system (whatever it is) very specifically according to the rules of the system using recent historical market data for the markets you trade.

You then run the metrics and compare the two. This information is incredibly powerful in two ways for building both your confidence and your discipline to stick with your system. Here’s how this works for you.

By backtesting your system with historical data, this can give you a very clear measure of what your forex currency trading system is capable of delivering for you. If your current trading is not delivering the profits that you want, you need to knowif the problem is with the system or if it in your execution of the system.

If your current trading results are comparable to the backtesting results, then you know immediately that you need to take a closer look at the system you’re using.

If your backtest results are good, but your current results with your system are not, then you know that you need to focus on your execution.

Most importantly, if your system doesn’t backtest well, then you know straightaway that you need to consider changes to the system you’re using, either a new system altogether or changes to the one you’ve got.

Directly for confidence and discipline, if your system tests well, then your confidence in it should go way up, along with your discipline to stick to it – because you are providing PROOF to yourself of its capabilities and limitations and with real numbers.

Plus you can see its limitations and more easily get through short losing streaks and drawdowns while maintaining confidence in your system, thus making the discipline part of sticking with it much easier.

Step 2. The More Intensive Process

If you have gone through the process in Step 1 and find that your system is good but your execution is where you need to focus and you need assistance working through other possible emotional management issues, then you need to seek out resources specifically for finding the core issues to address. Go to Inside Out Trading for resources specifically created to help you with these.

In conclusion, confidence comes from thorough understanding and successful experience. Once you have a system in which you can have confidence, then the discipline to stick to it gets much much easier.

Analyzing your current trading then backtesting your system can provide a great deal of confidence and thus make sticking to your system considerably easier by knowing the particulars of how it makes your bottom line what it is and what your system is capable of delivering.